The 2015 Bahá'í Chair for World Peace Spring Symposium
in the Series on Frontiers of Globalization and Governance
"Global Governance in a Multiplex World"
Amitav Acharya, Ph.D., UNESCO Chair in Transnational Challenges and Governance, Professor of International Relations, School of International Service, American University, Washington, D.C.
Abstract: The emerging world order is going to be neither multipolar nor bipolar, but a multiplex one. A multiplex world is defined by actors that are not just the great powers, as with a multipolar system, but also by others such as regional powers, global and regional institutions, corporations, social movements, and transnational criminal and terrorist organizations. In a multiplex world, there is no single hegemon, and interdependence is both global and regional in scope. As with a multiplex theatre, there is a variety of plots, actors, directors and producers to win the audience. What sort of institutional landscape will emerge in the multiplex world? Reform and shared leadership is vital to fostering democratization, legitimacy and longevity of existing global institutions. New institutions initiated by non-Western nations will join existing ones and add to the pressures for their reform. In some parts of the world, regional governance mechanisms are likely to assume greater importance, even at the expense of global institutions. Some of these will be under the influence of the emerging powers. There is also likely to be a growing trend towards inter-regionalism. All these trends might create short-term institutional uncertainty or even chaos, but pave the way for a new, multiplex, global governance structure.
This talk is based on the author’s book, The End of American World Order (Polity, 2015; Oxford 2015).
About the Speaker: Professor AMITAV ACHARYA is the UNESCO Chair in Transnational Challenges and Governance and is Professor of International Relations at the School of International Service, American University, Washington, D.C.
He is a Research Associate of the Centre for International Studies, Oxford University and serves on the international Advisory Board of the Centre for Rising Powers, Cambridge University. He was a Christensen Fellow at Oxford University, a Fellow of Harvard University’s Asia, Center, and the Nelson Mandela Visiting Professorship in International Relations at Rhodes University, South Africa. Described by the Sciences Po of France as “one of the most original thinkers in contemporary international relations”, Professor Acharya is the author or editor of 30 books and over 200 journal or magazine articles. Among his major works is The End of American World Order (Polity 2014, Oxford 2015); Rethinking Power, Institutions and Ideas in World Politics (Routledge 2013); Constructing a Security Community in Southeast Asia: ASEAN and the Problem of Regional Order (Routledge 2001, 2009, 2014); Whose Ideas Matter: Agency and Power in Asian Regionalism (Cornell, 2009); The Making of Southeast Asia (Cornell 2013); Non-Western International Relations Theory (Routledge 2010, co-edited with Barry Buzan), and Crafting Cooperation: Regional International Institutions in Comparative Perspective (Cambridge, 2007, co-edited with Alastair Iain Johnston). His essays have been published in the world’s top academic and policy journals such as International Organization, International Security, International Studies Quarterly, World Politics, Foreign Affairs, Journal of Peace Research, Journal of Asian Studies, Survival, and Washington Quarterly. During 2014-15 Prof Acharya served as the 54th President of the International Studies Association (ISA).
"Private Authority in Global Governance"
Virginia Haufler, Ph.D., Associate Professor, Government and Politics, Director of Global Communities, University of Maryland, College Park
Abstract: Globalization has created many problems that cross transnational boundaries and escape the oversight of traditional governments. International organizations often lack the authority and capacity to address transboundary problems effectively. For a range of problems—economic, political, environmental—the private sector has sometimes stepped in to develop rules, standards and institutions at the global level. These include governance by corporations alone or in partnership with non-profit organizations, international organizations and governments themselves. But—where do they get the authority to establish global rules? Who benefits—and who does not? Do these systems even work? Some view these systems as providing needed order and a normative framework to a chaotic global system. Others see them as another instance of corporate power and the weakening of traditional government authority.
About the Speaker: Professor VIRGINIA HAUFLER is Director of the Global Communities Living-Learning program at the University of Maryland, and is a long-time professor in the Department of Government and Politics. She is an associate of the Center for International Development and Conflict Management. Her research and publications have explored issues of governance that arise with uneven globalization, focusing on contestation over transnational corporations and their behavior at home and abroad. She has examined industry standard-setting, corporate social responsibility, and multi-stakeholder partnerships regarding climate change, finance, information privacy, and labor standards. Her current research highlights conflict and cooperation over so-called “conflict minerals,” such as diamonds. She has been a Visiting Scholar at the University of California, Irvine; a Visiting Non-Resident Fellow at the Center on Public Diplomacy at the University of Southern California; and a Senior Associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. She currently serves as an advisor to the non-profit OEF Foundation, Women in International Security (WIIS), the Principles for Responsible Investment, and the Business4Peace Platform of the UN. She serves on the editorial board of Global Governance and International Studies Review. In 2013-14 she was selected as an ADVANCE Leadership Fellow at the University. She earned a M.A. and Ph.D. in Government at Cornell University, and Dual B.A. degrees in Foreign Service and International Affairs, and Russian Language and Literature at Pennsylvania State University.
Co-sponsored by the and the Global Communities Living Learning Program
McKeldin Library, Special Events Room #6137, University of Maryland College Park, MD 20742.